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Table 1 Clinical therapeutic agents for the treatment of cachexia (adapted from [1])

From: Fish oil and treatment of cancer cachexia

Action site Agent Cancer cachexia Other cachexia- causing diseases
Appetite stimulants Progestational agents
Cannabinoids
Olanzepine
Corticosteroids  
Ghrelin
Nutritional supplements Amino acids
Creatine  
Polyunsaturated fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid (n-3) (fish oil)
Anabolic steroids
Insulin  
Insulin-like growth factor, growth hormone
β-adrenergic agonists   
Exercise  
Combination therapy Exercise + oral nutritional supplementation  
Anabolic steroids + oral nutritional supplementation  
Anti-inflammatory Polyunsaturated fatty acids: eicosapentaenoic acid (n-3) (fish oil)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents
Macrolide antibiotics  
Cytokine inhibitors
Statins  
Thalidomide  
Pentoxyphylline