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Table 1 Plasma vitamin and carotenoid concentrations in 36 overweight men with mildly elevated plasma CRP levels

From: The impact of micronutrient status on health: correlation network analysis to understand the role of micronutrients in metabolic-inflammatory processes regulating homeostasis and phenotypic flexibility

Vitamin or carotenoid Plasma concentration (Mean ± SEM) Range Number < LOQ (<LOD) Reference ranges
Retinol (μM) 1.97 ± 0.05 1.29–2.60 Na 1.19–2.24c [31]
γ-Tocopherol (μM) 1.74 ± 0.11 0.73–3.94 Na 0.96–2.30c [31]
α-Tocopherol (μM) 29.0 ± 1.1 13.7–48.3 Na 12–46 [32]
β-Cryptoxanthin (μM) 0.22 ± 0.03 0.06–0.83 Na 0.14–0.40c [31]
Lycopene (μM) 0.62 ± 0.05 0.15–1.28 Na 0.54–0.73c [31]
α-Carotene (μM) 0.06 ± 0.01 <LOD–0.27 16/35 (2/35)a 0.07–0.12c [31]
β-Carotene (μM) 0.40 ± 0.03 0.12–0.83 Na 0.31–0.49c [31]
25-Hydroxy vitamin D3 (nM) 63.2 ± 5.6 <LOQ–128.8 4/34b 20–136.2d [33]
  1. aLOQ and LOD for α-carotene are 0.06 and 0.03 μM, respectively
  2. bLOQ for 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 is 12.0 nM
  3. cMean values from cohorts of healthy adults from five European countries
  4. dMean population values