Skip to main content

Table 1 Serum 17β-estradiol levels, uterine index, and skin tail temperature

From: Synbiotic effects of β-glucans from cauliflower mushroom and Lactobacillus fermentum on metabolic changes and gut microbiome in estrogen-deficient rats

  Control CFM LFE CFLF Positive-control
Serum 17β-estradiol levels (pg/mL) 1.6 ± 0.6b 1.9 ± 0.7b 1.7 ± 0.5b 2.0 ± 0.7b 7.3 ± 1.1a
Uterine index 0.49 ± 0.10b 0.52 ± 0.11b 0.50 ± 0.12b 0.56 ± 0.10b 1.80 ± 0.29a
Tail skin temperature (°C) 29.6 ± 0.17a 28.8 ± 0.17ab 29.3 ± 0.15a 28.2 ± 0.14b 27.9 ± 0.15b
Serum TNF-α (pg/mL) 52.1 ± 4.6a 46.2 ± 4.5b 48.5 ± 4.4ab 41.1 ± 4.2c 42.5 ± 4.3bc
Serum MCP-1 (pg/mL) 60.5 ± 6.4a 50.4 ± 5.7b 55.3 ± 5.6b 43.7 ± 4.9c 44.5 ± 4.7c
  1. Values represented means ± standard deviation (n = 10)
  2. Different letters represent a significant difference in Tukey test at p < 0.05
  3. CFM 1% water extract of cauliflower mushroom, LFE 0.1% L. fermentum, CFLF 1% water extract of cauliflower mushroom +0.1% L. fermentum, positive-control 30 μg/kg body weight 17β-estradiol, TNF-α tumor necrosis factor-a, MCP-1 monocyte chemoattractant protein-1