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Table 2 Body composition and energy metabolism at the end of experimental periods

From: Synbiotic effects of β-glucans from cauliflower mushroom and Lactobacillus fermentum on metabolic changes and gut microbiome in estrogen-deficient rats

  Control CFM LFE CFLF Positive-control
Final weight (g) 416 ± 29a 407 ± 38a 414 ± 42a 395 ± 19ab 373 ± 32b
Weight gain (g) 145 ± 19a 134 ± 30ab 145 ± 22a 123 ± 17b 101 ± 27c
Peri-uterine fat (g) 15.5 ± 2.2a 13.6 ± 1.5ab 16.0 ± 1.9a 12.1 ± 1.7b 9.9 ± 1.8c
Retroperitoneum fat (g) 11.3 ± 1.6a 9.7 ± 1.1b 11.7 ± 1.6a 8.2 ± 0.9c 6.0 ± 0.8d
Visceral fat mass (g) 26.8 ± 3.1a 23.3 ± 2.9b 27.7 ± 2.9a 20.4 ± 2.6c 15.9 ± 2.3d
Food intake (g/day) 13.9 ± 1.7 14.2 ± 1.7 14.5 ± 1.8 14.0 ± 1.3 13.2 ± 1.6
Energy expenditure (kcal/kg0.75/day) 89.4 ± 10.2b 94.0 ± 10.7b 88.6 ± 9.6b 105.5 ± 11.5a 110.1 ± 12.7a
Carbohydrate oxidation (mg/kg0.75/min) 5.1 ± 0.7 5.3 ± 0.7 5.0 ± 0.7 4.9 ± 0.7 5.3 ± 0.8
Fat oxidation (mg/kg0.75/min) 4.4 ± 0.6b 4.7 ± 0.6b 4.4 ± 0.7b 6.3 ± 0.7a 6.4 ± 0.8a
  1. Visceral fat was the sum of epididymal fat pads and inguinal fat. Values represented means ± standard deviation (n = 10)
  2. Different letters represent a significant difference in Tukey test at p < 0.05
  3. CFM 1% water extract of cauliflower mushroom, LFE 0.1% L. fermentum, CFLF 1% water extract of cauliflower mushroom +0.1% L. fermentum, positive-control 30 μg/kg body weight 17β-estradiol