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Table 3 Glucose and lipid metabolism in overnight-fasted states

From: Synbiotic effects of β-glucans from cauliflower mushroom and Lactobacillus fermentum on metabolic changes and gut microbiome in estrogen-deficient rats

  Control CFM LFE CFLF Positive-control
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 146.4 ± 16.4a 149.1 ± 15.2a 147.4 ± 15.2a 126.3 ± 13.0b 123.2 ± 12.5b
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 17.7 ± 1.8c 24.8 ± 2.6a 19.9 ± 2.2c 24.1 ± 2.5a 20.9 ± 2.2b
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 106.9 ± 11.0a 107.3 ± 12.0a 106.1 ± 11.0a 84.8 ± 8.8b 86.4 ± 9.1b
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 108.8 ± 12.2a 85.4 ± 8.9bc 107.1 ± 12.0a 87.1 ± 9.1b 79.4 ± 8.3c
Serum glucose (mg/dL) 122.2 ± 10.7a 115.8 ± 8.4ab 116.6 ± 7.7ab 113.7 ± 8.6b 112.9 ± 9.1b
Serum insulin (ng/mL) 2.87 ± 0.42a 2.05 ± 0.31b 1.81 ± 0.34c 1.77 ± 0.26c 1.96 ± 0.34bc
HOMA-IR 8.4 ± 1.2a 5.9 ± 0.9b 5.2 ± 0.8b 4.5 ± 0.6c 5.5 ± 0.7b
HOMA-B 367 ± 44a 280 ± 40b 256 ± 31b 227 ± 28c 283 ± 32b
  1. Values represented means ± standard deviation (n = 10)
  2. Different letters represent a significant difference in Tukey test at p < 0.05
  3. CFM 1% water extract of cauliflower mushroom, LFE 0.1% L. fermentum, CFLF 1% water extract of cauliflower mushroom +0.1% L. fermentum, positive-control 30 μg/kg body weight 17β-estradiol