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Table 4 Gut microbiomes (unit: counts)

From: Synbiotic effects of β-glucans from cauliflower mushroom and Lactobacillus fermentum on metabolic changes and gut microbiome in estrogen-deficient rats

  Control CFM LFE CFLF Positive-control
Actinobacteria 199 ± 31b 209 ± 36b 142 ± 29c 161 ± 28c 295 ± 42a
Firmicutes 1837 ± 241a 1548 ± 224b 1427 ± 251b 1593 ± 232b 1549 ± 236b
Proteobacteria 1323 ± 186a 960 ± 167b 1232 ± 184a 928 ± 142b 1365 ± 192a
Bacteroidetes 268 ± 44c 275 ± 36c 295 ± 42c 368 ± 48b 421 ± 51a
Cyanobacteria 5.8 ± 1.1d 19.4 ± 4.7c 7.2 ± 1.7d 28.8 ± 6.6b 54.6 ± 12.2a
Ratio of F/B1 6.85 ± 1.01a 5.64 ± 0.87b 4.84 ± 0.79bc 4.33 ± 0.64c 3.68 ± 0.61c
  1. Values represented means ± standard deviation (n = 5)
  2. Different letters represent a significant difference in Tukey test at p < 0.05
  3. CFM 1% water extract of cauliflower mushroom, LFE 0.1% L. fermentum, CFLF 1% water extract of cauliflower mushroom +0.1% L. fermentum, positive-control 30 μg/kg body weight 17β-estradiol
  4. 1The ratio of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes