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Table 1 Effect of the 3-month dietary intervention on biochemical, clinical, and anthropometric variables on participants

From: Genetic polymorphisms of antioxidant enzymes CAT and SOD affect the outcome of clinical, biochemical, and anthropometric variables in people with obesity under a dietary intervention

Variables Pre-intervention (n = 92) Post-intervention (n = 92) p value
Weight (kg) 91.9 ± 18.3 84.8 86.4 ± 15 84.4 < 0.031a
BMI (kg/m2) 34.9 ± 4.4 33.7 31.9 ± 4.25 30.4 < 0.001a
EI (Kcal/day) 1978 ± 326 1978 1926 ± 316 1840 0.320
Waist (cm) 96.5 ± 11.3 95.3 92.2 ± 10.2 92.3 < 0.001b
WHR 0.79 ± 0.14 0.81 0.80 ± 0.13 0.78 0.960
Body fat (%) 44.5 ± 7.6 42.8 40.8 ± 8.4 41.8 0.100
Visceral fat (cm2) 173 ± 47,147.9 157 ± 49,142.9 0.100
SBP (mgHg) 124 ± 9.7120 119 ± 12.5121 < 0.001a
DBP (mgHg) 86.1 ± 10.3 84 76.5 ± 7.9 76.5 < 0.001a
TBARS (mg/dl) 1.39 ± 0.57 1.31 1.03 ± 0.43 1.07 < 0.001a
Glucose (mg/dl) 123 ± 66.3101 108 ± 26.8 95.9 < 0.001a
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 154 ± 38.3156 151 ± 57.5150 0.003a
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 177 ± 44.8163 154 ± 36.5152 < 0.001a
HDL-C (mg/dl) 42.4 ± 12.7 43 43.6 ± 12.2 43 0.400
LDL-C (mg/dl) 119 ± 48.1115.3 94.9 ± 35.7 88.4 < 0.001a
Atherogenic index 4.52 ± 1.73 4.19 3.96 ± 1.49 3.40 0.028a
  1. Data show: mean ± SD median. BMI body mass index, EI daily energy intake, WHR waist–hip ratio, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, TBARS thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein
  2. aWilcoxon signed-ranks test was used to compare groups
  3. bPaired t test was used to compare groups