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Table 1 Scientific and common names of selected spices evaluated in this review

From: Herbs and Spices- Biomarkers of Intake Based on Human Intervention Studies – A Systematic Review

Num. Name of spice Scientific name Part of the plant
1 Anise Pimpinella anisum Seed/fruit
2 Basil Ocimum basilicum Leaf
3 Black pepper Piper nigrum Berry
4 Caraway Carum carvi Fruit
5 Chili pepper Capsicum annuum, Capsicum baccatum, Capsicum chinense, Capsicum frutescens, Capsicum pubescens Fruit
6 Cinnamon Cinnamomum Bark
7 Clove Syzygium aromaticum Bud
8 Cumin Cuminum cyminum Seed
9 Dill Anethum graveolens Leaf/seed
10 Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Leaf/seed
11 Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed
12 Ginger Zingiber officinale Root
13 Lemongrass Cymbopogon Leaf
14 Marjoram Origanum majorana Leaf
15 Nutmeg Myristica fragrans Seed
16 Oregano Origanum vulgare Leaf
17 Parsley Petroselinum crispum Leaf
18 Peppermint Mentha x piperita Leaf
19 Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf
20 Saffron Crocus sativus Stigma (flower)
21 Sage Salvia officinalis Leaf
22 Spearmint Mentha spicata Leaf
23 Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus Leaf
24 Thyme Thymus vulgaris Leaf
25 Turmeric (curcumin) Curcuma longa Root