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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the CURES study participants: comparison of non-obese and obese individuals

From: Evidence for the association between FTO gene variants and vitamin B12 concentrations in an Asian Indian population

Characteristic n Non-obese individuals n Obese individuals P value*
Age (years) 194 51.0 ± 12.8 353 48.4 ± 10.4 0.017
BMI (kg/m2) 194 21.9 ± 2.1 353 29.4 ± 4.1 < 0.001
WC (cm) 194 79.7 ± 8.1 352 93.0 ± 9.9 < 0.001
Hip (cm) 194 89.1 ± 6.1 352 102.4 ± 9.4 < 0.001
WHR 194 0.90 ± 0.08 352 0.91 ± 0.08 0.061
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 184 119.5 ± 60.3 335 114.7 ± 41.6 0.336
Fasting serum insulin (μIU/ml) 194 8.75 ± 6.36 353 9.57 ± 5.92 0.132
Glycated hemoglobin (%) 194 6.5 ± 1.9 353 6.5 ± 1.6 0.916
Vitamin B12 levels (pg/mL) 194 414.0 ± 219.0 353 420.0 ± 273.0 0.820
Homocysteine 194 14.1 ± 8.2 353 13.4 ± 8.0 0.343
(μmol/L)
Folic acid 194 8.9 ± 5.6 353 8.5 ± 5.9 0.451
(ng/ml)
Total energy intake (kcal) 129 2547.0 ± 784.0 234 2624.0 ± 768.0 0.363
Protein energy % 129 11.3 ± 1.2 234 11.3 ± 1.1 0.947
Carbohydrate energy % 129 63.3 ± 6.7 234 64.9 ± 6.0 0.020
Fat energy % 129 24.2 ± 4.6 234 23.6 ± 4.8 0.293
Total fiber (g) 129 31.6 ± 10.2 234 32.5 ± 11.9 0.513
Physical activity level 123 Low (81.3%) 204 Low (82.4%) 0.929a
Medium (17.1%) Medium (15.7%)
High (1.6%) High (2.0%)
  1. Data shown are represented as means ± SD
  2. P values were calculated by using the Independent t test
  3. *P values for the differences in the means/proportions between non-obese and obese individuals
  4. aP values were calculated by using the chi-squared test
  5. Abbreviations: CURES Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiological Study; BMI body mass index; WC waist circumference; WHR waist to hip ratio