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Table 1 Anthropometric and clinical differences between phenylthiocarbamide taster status groups by sex

From: Association of phenylthiocarbamide perception with anthropometric variables and intake and liking for bitter vegetables

  Sex Non-tasters (n = 94) Tasters (n = 204) Super-tasters (n = 92) p-value
Smokers, n (%) F 8 (14.6) 22 (15.9) 8 (14.6) 0.955
M 12 (30.77) 17 (25.8) 7 (18.9) 0.492
Caries, n (%) F 36 (65.5) 82 (59.4) 29 (52.7) 0.397
M 19 (48.7) 40 (60.6) 19 (51.4) 0.436
Missing teeth, n (%) F 2 (3.6) 4 (2.9) 1 (1.8) 0.845
M 1 (2.6) 6 (9.1) 3 (8.1) 0.431
Sinusitis, n (%) F 3 (5.5) 10 (7.3) 2 (3.6) 0.623
M 4 (10.3) 3 (4.6) 4 (10.8) 0.411
Rhinitis, n (%) F 5 (9.1) 9 (6.5) 2 (3.6) 0.507
M 5 (12.8) 2 (3.0) 3 (8.1) 0.159
BMI, kg/m2 F 21.8 ± 2.9a 21.5 ± 2.6ab 20.7 ± 2.7b 0.043
M 23.6 ± 2.8ab 23.6 ± 2.9a 22.4 ± 2.6b 0.099
BMI diagnosis, n (%)
Underweight F 4 (7.6) 14 (10.4) 10 (18.5) 0.133
Normal weight   39 (73.6) 104 (77.0) 41 (75.9)  
Overweight-obese   10 (18.9) 17 (12.6) 3 (5.6)  
Underweight M 1 (2.6) 1 (1.5) 3 (8.3) 0.351
Normal weight   28 (73.7) 45 (68.2) 26 (72.2)  
Overweight-obese   9 (23.7) 20 (30.3) 7 (19.4)  
Family antecedents, n (%)
Diabetes F 16 (29.1) 55 (39.9) 20 (36.4) 0.374
Hypertension   14 (25.5) 58 (42.0) 24 (43.6) 0.071
Obesity   13 (21.8) 29 (21.0) 9 (16.4) 0.723
Diabetes M 12 (30.8) 15 (23.1) 11 (29.7) 0.628
Hypertension   13 (33.3) 26 (39.4) 18 (46.7) 0.390
Obesity   9 (23.1) 14 (21.2) 3 (8.1) 0.170
  1. BMI body mass index, F females, M males
  2. Continuous variables are expressed as mean ± SD and categorical variables as n (%). Statistical analyses were carried out using the Kruskal-Wallis rank-sum test (post-hoc Dunn test) when comparing quantitative variables. A chi-square test was used for categorical variables. Different letters indicate significant differences (p-value <0.05)  among groups. Values shown in bold are statistically significant p-value < 0.05
  3. One participant had missing data on family antecedents of diabetes, and three, missing data on BMI