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Table 1 Baseline patients’ characteristics

From: Effect of ID ACE gene polymorphism on dietary composition and obesity-related anthropometric parameters in the Czech adult population

Variable Obese Morbidly obese Controls
Body composition Females Males Females Males Females Males
N 147 60 59 15 131 41
Age (years) 49.9 ± 11.2 47.1 ± 12.5 51.8 ± 10.7 49.2 ± 12.2 39 ± 13.3 37.8 ± 13.9
BMI (kg/m2) 34.3 ± 2.8 34.5 ± 2.9 45.6 ± 5.6 46.9 ± 5.5 25 ± 3.4 26 ± 2.5
Body fat (%) 43.7 ± 4.7 29.7 ± 6.4 52.5 ± 4.1 41.8 ± 3.7 31.3 ± 7.2 19.8 ± 6.1
Dietary intake
 Energy (MJ) 7,921 ± 2,620 10,548 ± 2,724 7,687 ± 2,099 10,283 ± 3,589 7,828 ± 1,853 10,659 ± 2,395
 Protein (% energy) 69.7 ± 21.3 88.2 ± 21.2 70 ± 18.9 88.3 ± 36.9 64.8 ± 16.9 82.5 ± 21.1
 Carbohydrates (%) energy) 230.2 ± 74.7 303 ± 89.3 223.4 ± 63.6 270.5 ± 82 234.8 ± 59.8 312.8 ± 84.3
 Fat (% energy) 74 ± 30.8 97.6 ± 29.5 72.8 ± 24.6 95.9 ± 38.6 72.3 ± 21.3 97.7 ± 26.5
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 3.5 ± 1.5 3.3 ± 0.5 9.6 ± 5.2 8.8 ± 7 9.4 ± 5.6 5.3 ± 2.7
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SD, morbidly obese (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2), obese (30 ≤ BMI < 40 kg/m2), non-obese controls (20 < BMI < 30 kg/m2)